Travelling in Africa

TRAVEL ADVICE     

   
South Africa

Visa Requirements

Visa exemptions apply to most western countries.

Health Requirements

Malaria is a risk in eastern Mpumalanga (this includes the Kruger Park), eastern and northern parts of Northern Province and northern Natal. This strain of malaria is resistant to chloroquine.

Suggested immunizations include tetanus boosters, and Hepatitis A immunization.

Standards of medical care are generally excellent in major centers, but may be variable in smaller towns and rural centers. As always, medical insurance is strongly recommended.

Climate

Summers can be hot with mild winters. The Lowveld and northern KwaZulu areas can be very hot. The winter in the Highveld and interior can be quite cold overnight with occasional snow however the days are warm and pleasant. The western Cape winter is usually cold with rain.

Health Requirements

Medical services are normally of a high standard throughout South Africa however they can be limited in some of the rural outlying areas.

 Driving

The main centers are connected by good paved roads. Some of the more isolated roads are gravel but 4x4 vehicles are not required. Fuel is readily available throughout the country.

 

Botswana

 Visa Requirements

All nationals of foreign countries need visas, except those from countries, which have reached visa abolition agreements with Botswana, require a visa. The following do not require visas: Nationals of all foreign countries (except the nationals of Ghana, Nigeria, Sri Lanka Pakistan and Bangladesh) Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, German Federal Republic, Greece, Iceland, Irish Republic, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Namibia, Netherlands, Norway, Samoa (Western, San Marino, Sweden, Switzerland, Uruguay, United States of America and Yugoslavia.

 Health Requirements

Yellow Fever Certificate if coming from an endemic, Malaria - high risk area all year round especially Nov to May (above Francistown only), Tetanus immunization recommended, Bilharzia and sleeping sickness present.

Medical services are of a high standard in the main centers however in the remote areas these services can be limited.

 Climate

Summers can be very hot with mild winters. In the desert the night temperatures can be cool to cold in winter. Dress code is usually casual.

 Driving

The main centers are connected by good paved roads however be warned that some of the more isolated roads are only suitable for 4x4 vehicles and are not well signposted. Fuel is readily available in all the main centers but if you are travelling into the interior please carry your own extra fuel, basic spares and water. It is strongly that you only travel on some of these roads in groups with more than one vehicle.

 Namibia

 Visa Requirements

Citizens from the following countries are exempted from visa requirements however they must be in possession of a valid passport which is valid for at least 6 months beyond their intended departure date: Federal Republic of Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Ireland, United Kingdom, Austria, Italy France, United States of America, Canada, Japan, Commonwealth of Indian States, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, Botswana, Spain, Portugal, Australia, New Zealand, Moçambique, Scandinavian Countries, Iceland, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Singapore, Kenya, Brazil, Cuba and Malaysia.

 Health Requirements

Malaria for Etosha, Ovambu and Caprivi, Polio present south of Windhoek, Tetanus immunization recommended.

Medical services of a high standard are available in all the main centers.

Climate

Summers can be very hot with mild winters. In the desert the night temperatures can be cool to cold in winter. Along the Atlantic coastline there can be cool misty days in the winter months. Dress code is usually casual however ties and jackets are sometimes called for in Windhoek.

Driving

The main centers are connected by good paved roads however be warned that some of the more isolated roads are only suitable for 4x4 vehicles. Fuel is readily available in all the main centers but if you are travelling into the interior please carry your own extra fuel, basic spares and water. It is strongly that you only travel on some of these roads in groups with more than one vehicle.

 Swaziland

 Visa Requirements

All visitors require a valid passport or travel document, which must be registered with an immigration officer or Police Station upon arrival. Visitors wishing to remain in Swaziland for longer than 60 days must apply for a temporary residence permit from the Chief Immigration Officer in Mbabane. Visitors who need a visa to enter South Africa, should ensure that they have a multiple entry visa before leaving South Africa to enter Swaziland. Swaziland is a separate diplomatic and political entity from South Africa.

 Health Requirements

Malaria is present in the Lowveld, Tetanus immunization is recommended. Medical services are available in the main centers however in the remote areas these services can be limited.

Climate

Swaziland can be divided into two climatic zones. The highlands (Western) areas are temperate usually warm days with cool nights in summer and warm days with cold nights in winter. The Lowveld (Eastern) areas are usually hot most of the year round but are susceptible to tropical storms in the summer months.

Driving

The main centers are connected by good paved roads however be warned that some of the more isolated roads are only suitable for 4x4 vehicles. Fuel is readily available in all the main centers.

Moçambique

 Visa Requirements

NB: Tourist visa valid 30 days - only one entry. Multiple entry valid 6 months however each entry is only for a 10 day stay. Passport must be valid for at least 6 months after intended departure from Moçambique.

 Health Requirements

Moçambique is a high-risk malaria area. Cholera immunization is required. Hepatitis and Tetanus immunization is recommended.  Limited medical services are available in the main centers only.

Climate

Moçambique enjoys a Tropical climate and the ocean is swept by the warm Indian Ocean Current.

Driving

The main centers are connected by fair paved roads however caution should be taken as some of these roads are in disrepair. Some of the more isolated roads are only suitable for 4x4 vehicles. Fuel is readily available in all the main centers.

 Zimbabwe

 Visa Requirements

The following countries do not need a visa: Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Botswana, Canada, Fiji, Granada, Guyana, Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Namibia, Nauru, Western Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Swaziland, Sweden, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Kingdom, Vanuatu, Zambia.

The following countries are issued with a visa at their port of entry: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Brunei, Cook Islands, Denmark, Dominica, Dominica Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Kuwait, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Poland, Portugal, Seychelles, South Africa, Spain, State of Palestine, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates, United States of America, and the Vatican.

All other countries must obtain their visas before arrival.

Health Requirements

Zimbabwe is a high-risk malaria area. Yellow fever immunization is required, Hepatitis A and B and Tetanus immunization is recommended.

Climate

Zimbabwe can be divided into two climatic zones. The highlands (Central) areas are temperate usually warm days with cool nights in summer and warm days with cold nights in winter. The Lowveld (Eastern) areas are usually hot most of the year round but are susceptible to tropical storms in the summer months.

Driving

The main centers are connected by good paved roads. Some of the more isolated roads are gravel only. A 4x4 vehicle is rarely needed. Fuel is sometimes available in all the main centers.

Zambia

Visa Requirements

America (USA) Nationals: USA Nationals travelling as tourists or business visitors shall be issued with multiple entry valid for 3 years at a fee of US$40.00.

British Nationals: British Nationals require visas including children under or above 16 years. The fees are: Single entry - US$33.00 or equivalent, multiple entry US$40.00 or equivalent.

Tourist Visas: All persons irrespective of nationality who have confirmed booking/reservation through tour operators in conjunction with Zambian registered tour operators shall not require a visa for Zambia.

Business visitors: Experts needed for emergency cases e.g. repair of broken down industrial equipment/machinery for the mines or industries could obtain a visa at point of entry.

Transit visitors: Visitors in transit through Zambia can obtain visas at the point of entry or from missions abroad.

Day Trippers: A tourist travelling to Zambia sight-seeing for less than 24 hours will be issued a visa for the hours of stay at US$10.00.

Health Requirements:

Zambia is a high-risk malaria area during the rainy season. Yellow fever immunization is required if visiting Northern and Western Zambia, Hepatitis A and B and Tetanus immunization is recommended.

Climate:

Zambia is in the tropics and therefore has a very warm climate throughout the year with dry winters and wet summers.

Driving:

The main centers are connected by fair paved roads however caution should be taken as some of these roads are in disrepair. Some of the more isolated roads are only suitable for 4x4 vehicles. Fuel is readily available in all the main centers.

Some things you need to know about travelling in Africa:



 
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